Lunar Images by Philipp Salzgeber

 

 

Philipp
Salzgeber

Wolfurt / Austria

 The Lunar 100

The Lunar 100 is a list of interesting lunar features compiled by Charles A.Wood, they are sorted in ascendign difficulty..
When an image is available, the name of the feature is a link to this image/page.

For a complete list, with coordinates and Rükl chart numbers, see the Lunar 100 list on the web site of Sky & Telescope. A laminated card of the Lunar 100 is also available. I came across another website with a Lunar 100 project by Doug Anderson, the person behinde shoestring astronomy: http://www.shoestringastronomy.com/lunar/lunar100.htm
L Feature name Significance Latitude Longitude Diameter Google moon Rükl chart
1 Moon Large satellite - - 3476 link -
2 Earthshine Twice reflected Sunlight - - -   -
3 Mare/highland dichotomy Two materials with distinct compositions - - - link -
4 Apennines Imbrium basin rim 18,9N 3,7W 400 link 22
5 Copernicus Archetypal large complex crater 9,7N 20,1W 83 link 31
6 Tycho Large rayed crater with impact melts 43,45 11,1W 102 link 64
7 Altai Scarp Nectaris basin rim 24,3S 22,6E 425 link 57
8 Theophilus, Cyrillus, Catharina Crater sequence illustrating stages of degradation 13,2S 24,0E 110 link 46,57
9 Clavius Lacks basin featrues in spite of its size 58,8S 14,1W 245 link 72
10 Mare Crisium Mare contained in large circular basin 18,0N 59,0E 540 link 26,27,37,38
11 Aristarchus (2) Very bright crater with dark bands on its walls 23,7N 47,7W 40 link 18
12 Proclus Oblique-impact rays 16,1N 46,8E 28 link 26
13 Gassendi Floor-fractured Crater 17,6S 40,1W 101 link 52
14 Sinus Iridium Very large crater with missing rim 45,0N 32,0W 260 link 10
15 Straight Wall Best example of a lunar fault 21,8S 7,8W 130 link 54
16 Petavius Crater with domed and fractured floor 25,1S 60,4E 188 link 59
17 Schröter's Valley Giant sinuous rille 26,2N 50,8W 168 link 18
18 Mare Serenitatis dark edges Distinct mare areas with different compositions 17,8N 23,0E N/A link 24
19 Alpine Valley Lunar graben 49,0N 3,0E 165 link 4
20 Posidonius Floor-fractured crater 31,8N 29,9E 95 link 14
21 Fracastorius Crater with subsided and fractured floor 25,1S 33,2E 112 link 58
22 Aristarchus Plateau Mysterious uplifted region mantled with pyroclastics 26,0N 51,0W 150 link 44,45
23 Pico Isolated Imbrium basin-ring fragment 45,7N 8,9W 25 link 11
24 Hyginus Rille (2) Rille containing rimless collapse pits 7,4N 7,8E 220 link 34
25 Messier and Messier A Oblique ricochet-impact pair 1,9S 47,6E 11 link 48
26 Mare Frigoris Arcuate mare of uncertain origin 56,0N 1,4E 1600 link 2-6
27 Archimedes Large crater lacking central peak 19,7N 4,0W 83 link 12,22
28 Hipparchus Subject of first drawing of a single crater 5,5S 4,8E 150 link 44,45
29 Aridaeus Rille Long, linear graben 6,4N  14,0E 250 link 34
30 Schiller Possible oblique impact 51,9S 39,0W 180 link 71
31 Taruntius Young floor-fractured crater 5,6N 46,5E 56 link 37
32 Arago Alpha and Beta Volcanic domes 6,2N 21,4E 26 link 35
33 Serpentine Bridge Basin inner-ring segment 27,3N 25,3E 155 link 24
34 Lacus Mortis Strange crater with rille and ridge 45,0N 27,2E 152 link 14
35 Triesnecker Rilles Rille Family 4,3N 4,6E 215 link 33
36 Grimaldi basin A small two-ring basin 5,5 68,3W 410 link 39
37 Bailly Barely discernible basin 66,5S 69,1W 303 link 71
38 Sabine and Ritter Possible twin impacts 1,7N 19,7E 39 link 35
39 Schickard Crater floor with Orientale basin ejecta stripe  44,3S 55,3W 206 link 62
40 Janssen Rille Rare examle of a highland rille 45,4S 39,3E 199 link 67,68
41 Bessel ray Ray of uncertain origin near Bessel 21,8N 17,9E N/A link 24
42 Marius Hills Complex of volcanic domes and hills 12,5N 54,0W 125 link 28,29
43 Wargentin A crater filled to the rim with lava or ejecta 49,6S 60,2W 84 link 70
44 Mersenius Domed floor cut by secondary craters 21,5S 49,2W 84 link 51
45 Maurolycus Region of saturation cratering 42,0S 14,0E 114 link 66
46 Regiomontanus central peak Possible volcanic peak 28,0S 0,6W 108 link 55
47 Alphonsus dark spots Dark-halo eruptions on crater floor 13,7S 3,2W 119 link 44
48 Cauchy region fault, rilles and domes 10,5N 38,0E 130 link 36
49 Gruithuisen Delta and Gamma Volcanic domes formed with viscous lavas 36,3N 40,0W 20 link 9
50 Cayley Plains  Light, smooth plains of uncertain origin 4,0N 15,1E 14 link 34
51 Davy crater chain Result of comet-fragment impacts 11,1S 6,6W 34 link 43
52 Crüger Possible volcanic caldera 16,7S 66,8W 45 link 50
53 Lamont Possible buried basin 4,4N 23,7E 106 link 35
54 Hippalus Rilles Rilles concentric to Humorum basin 24,5S 29,0S 240 link 52,53
55 Baco Unusually crater floor and surrounding 51,0S 19,1E 69 link 74
56 Mare Australe A partially flooded ancient basin 49,8S 84,5E 132 link 76
57 Reiner Gamma Conspicuous swirl and magnetic anomaly 7,7N 59,2W 70 link 28
58 Rheita Valley (2, 3) Basin secondary-crater chain 42,5S 51,5E 445 link 68
59 Schiller-Zucchius basin Badly degraded overlooked basin 56,0S 45,0W 335 link 70,71
60 Kies Pi Volcanic dome 26,9S 24,2W 45 link

53

61 Mösting A Simple crater close to center of lunar near side 3,2S 5,2W 13 link 43
62 Rümker Hills Large volcanic dome 40,8N 58,1W 70 link 8
63 Imbrium sculpture Basin ejecta near and overlying Bscovich and Julius Caesar 11,0N 12,0E - link 34
64 Descartes Apollo 16 landing site; putative region of highland volcanism 11,7S 15,7E - link 45
65 Hortensius domes Dome field north of Hortensius 7,6N 27,9W 10 link 30
66 Hadley Rille Lava channel near Apollo 15 landing site 25,0N 3,0E - link 22
67 Fra Mauro formation Apollo 14 landing site on Imbrium ejecta 3,6S 17,5W   link 42
68 Flamsteed P Proposed young volcanic crater, Surveyor 1 landing site 25,0N 3,0E - link 22
69 Copernicus secondary craters Rays and craterlets 19,6N 19,1W 4 link 20
70 Humbodtianum basin Multi-ring impact basin 57,0N 80,0E 650 link 7
71 Sulpicius Gallus dark mantle Ash eruptions northwest of crater 19,6N 11,6E 12 link 23
72 Atlas dark-halo craters Explosive volcanic pits on the floor of Atlas 46,7N 44,4E 87 link 15
73 Smythii basin Difficult-to-observe basin scarp and mare 2,0S 87,0E 740 link 38,49
74 Copernicus H Dark-halo impact crater 6,9N 18,3W 5 link 31
75 Ptolemaeus B Saucerlike depression on the floor of Ptolemaeus 8,0S 0,8W 164 link 44
76 W. Bond Large crater degraded by Imbrium ejecta 65,3N 3,7E 158 link 4
77 Sirsalis Rille Procellarum basin radial rilles 15,7S 61,7W 425 link 39,50
78 Lambert R A buried "ghost" crater 23,8N 20,6W 54 link 20
79 Sinus Aestuum Eastern dark-mantle volcanic deposit 12,0N 3,5W 90 link 33
80 Orientale basin Youngest large impact basin 19,0S 95,0W 930 link 50
81 Hesiodus A Concentric crater 30,1S 17,0W 15 link 54
82 Linné Small crater once thought to have disappeared 27,7N 11,8E 2,4 link 23
83 Plato craterlets Crater pits at limits fo detection 51,6N 9,4W 109 link 3,4
84 Pitatus Crater with concentric rilles 29,8S 13,5W 97 link 54
85 Langrenus rays Aged ray system 8,9S 60,9E 132 link 49
86 Prinz Rilles Rille system near the crter Prinz 27.0N 43,0W 46 link 19
87 Humboldt Crater with central peaks and dark spots 27,0S 80,0E 189 link 60
88 Peary Difficult-to-observe polar crater 88,6N 95,3E 104 link 4, II
89 Valentine Dome Volcanic Dome 30,5N 10,1E 30 link 13
90 Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins Small craters near the Apollo 11 landing site 1,3N 23,7E 3 link 35
91 De Gasparis Rilles Area with many rilles 25,9S 50.7W 30 link 13
92 Gylden Valley Part of the Imbrium radial sculpture 5,1S 0.7E 47 link 44
93 Dionysius rays Unusual and rare dark rays 2,8N 17,3E 18 link 35
94 Drygalski Large south-pole region crater 79,3S 84,9W 149 link 72,VI
95 Procellarum basin The Moon´s biggest basin? 23,0N 15,0W 3200 link -
96 Leibnitz Mountains Rim of South Pole-Aitken basin 85,0S 30,0E - link 73,V
97 Inghirami Valley Orientale basin ejecta 44,0S 73,0W 140 link 61
98 Imbrium lava flows Mare lava-flow boundaries 32,8N 22,0W - link 10

99

Ina caldera D-schaped young volcanic caldera 18,6N 5,3E 3 link 22

100

Mare Marginis swirls Possible magnetic field-deposits 18,5N 88,0E - link 27,III


All images © Philipp Salzgeber

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